Impact of GST On Car Prices In India

Published On 2017-05-21 00:59:04.0 By Jagdev Kalsi Kalsi at CarDekho.com

Should you buy a new car now or after GST is rolled out?

India is finally on the verge of having a simplified taxation system. But before the Goods & Service Tax (GST) comes into effect on July 1, 2017 (proposed), and replaces multiple state and central taxes with a single levy, let's try to figure out how it will impact car prices in India.

As of May 19, 2017, it's certain that cars will fall under the 'luxury' bracket and will attract a 28 per cent flat GST. Over and above, an extra cess of 1, 3 or 15 per cent is proposed depending on the classification of cars.

Since the implementation of GST is round the corner, the chances are high that the proposed extra cess will be a reality. If the current classification of cars is carried over (high probability), there will be four broad categories of cars:

1. Small cars – Cars under four-metre length powered by a petrol engine not greater than 1.2-litre or a diesel engine not greater than 1.5-litre by displacement

2. Mid-size cars – Cars over four-metre length powered by either a petrol or a diesel engine not greater than 1.5-litre displacement

3. Luxury cars – Cars over four-metre length powered by either a petrol or a diesel engine that is greater than 1.5-litre displacement

4. SUVs – Cars over four-metre length and 170mm ground clearance powered by either a petrol or a diesel engine that is greater than 1.5-litre displacement

Here's a comparison of the current tax levied on these cars and proposed GST in comparison:

Table - A

  Existing Taxes Levied Proposed GST
      Base Cess Net
Small Cars Petrol 26% - 34% 28% 1% 29%
  Diesel 27.5% - 35.5% 28% 3% 31%
Mid-size Cars   40.5% - 48.5% 28% 15% 43%
Luxury Cars   44.5% - 51.5% 28% 15% 43%
SUVs   47.5% - 54.5% 28% 15% 43%

 

Break-up of existing taxes mentioned in Table - A is as under in Table - B:

Table - B

    Excise VAT Infra Cess Luxury Cess Octroi (select states) Green Cess (select states) Total tax (incl. in ex-showroom price)
Small cars Petrol 12.5% 12.5% - 14.5% 1% 1% for any car that costs over Rs 10 lakh Around 4% in select states on all cars 1% on Diesel vehicles with engine capacity exceeding 2000cc ~26% - 34%
  Diesel 12.5% 12.5% - 14.5% 2.5% ~27.5% - 35.5%
Mid-size cars   24% 12.5% - 14.5% 4% ~ 40.5% - 48.5%
Luxury cars   27% 12.5% - 14.5% 4% ~ 44.5% - 51.5%
SUVs   30% 12.5% - 14.5% 4% ~ 47.5% - 54.5%

Readers note – Ex-showroom price of a car is inclusive of all these taxes. VAT is applied over and above every other tax. As a result, the total tax will actually be higher than what we are assuming. Also, Green Cess and Octroi is charged in select states. The lower tax percentage is the minimum of all possibilities while the higher tax percentage is the maximum. Registration charges and insurance are not included in the ex-showroom price. VAT is charged at different rates in different states.

Before we take an example of a car; going by Table A, it is clear that in the case of small cars (both petrol and diesel) GST will end up increasing prices. However, that may not hold true for all those states that charge Octroi, for example, Maharashtra.

 

1. Small car petrol category – Renault Kwid RXL 0.8

Ex-showroom, New Delhi price – Rs 3,32,312

Since Octroi is not levied in Delhi, the ex-showroom price of Kwid RXL 0.8 includes excise, VAT and infra cess, which roughly adds up to 26 per cent.

So, the ex-factory price of the Kwid = Rs 2,63,739

Now instead of 26 per cent that is charged presently, the Kwid will attract 29 per cent GST.

Ex-showroom price of the Kwid RXL 0.8 post proposed GST rates = Rs 3,40,223

Increase in price = Rs 7,911

To clear the stock, Renault has rolled out a couple of offers that make owning the Kwid easier than before. In one of the offers, the Kwid can be bought at a low down payment ranging between Rs 12,999 and Rs 20,999. In another scheme, the Kwid can be had with a low EMI ranging between Rs 2,999 and Rs 5,999 for different variants. Know more about pre-GST offers on the Kwid here.

 

2. Small car diesel category – Maruti Suzuki Dzire Vdi AGS

Ex-showroom New Delhi price – Rs 7,76,000

Since Octroi is not levied in Delhi, the ex-showroom price of Maruti Suzuki Dzire Vdi AMT includes excise, VAT and infra cess, which roughly adds up to 27.50 per cent.

So, the ex-factory price of the Dzire = Rs 6,08,627

Now instead of 27.5 per cent that is charged presently, the Dzire will attract 31 per cent GST.

Ex-showroom price of the Maruti Suzuki Dzire Vdi AGS post proposed GST rates = Rs 7,97,301

Increase in price = Rs 21,301

 

3. Mid-size cars category – Honda City VMT Petrol

Ex-showroom New Delhi price – Rs 10,12,797

Since Octroi is not levied in Delhi, the ex-showroom price of Honda City VMT Petrol includes excise, VAT and infra cess, which roughly adds up to 41.50 per cent.

So, the ex-factory price of the City = Rs 7,15,757

Now instead of 41.5 percent that is charged presently, the City will attract 43 per cent GST.

Ex-showroom price of the Honda City VMT Petrol post proposed GST rates = Rs 10,23,532

Increase in price = Rs 10,735

For cars like the Honda City and Maruti Suzuki Dzire, the carmakers are not offering discounts. These are popular cars and are selling well despite the GST dilemma.

 

4. Luxury cars category – BMW 320d Luxury Line

Ex-showroom New Delhi price – Rs 42,70,000

Since Octroi is not levied in Delhi, the ex-showroom price of BMW 320d Luxury Line includes excise, VAT and infra cess, which roughly adds up to 44.50 per cent.

So, the ex-factory price of the 320d = Rs 29,55,017

Now instead of 44.5 per cent that is charged presently, the 320d will attract 43 per cent GST.

Ex-showroom price of the BMW 320d Luxury Line post proposed GST rates = Rs 42,25,674

Decrease in price = Rs 44,326

 

5. SUVs category – Toyota Fortuner 4x4 AT diesel

Ex-showroom New Delhi price – Rs 31,86,000

Since Octroi is not levied in Delhi, the ex-showroom price of Toyota Fortuner 4x4 Automatic diesel includes excise, VAT and infra cess, which roughly adds up to 48.50 per cent.

So, the ex-factory price of the Fortuner = Rs 21,45,454

Now instead of 48.5 per cent that is charged presently, the Fortuner will attract 43 per cent GST.

Ex-showroom price of the Toyota Fortuner 4x4 AT diesel post proposed GST rates = Rs 30,68,000

Decrease in price = Rs 1,18,000  

For luxury cars and SUVs that are expected to cost lower post GST, select dealers are offering discounts and promising cash back guarantee if the post-GST prices are less than the present deals that are being offered. It should be noted that all the deals are on select stock only.

 

The five examples above clarify that the most affected segment post GST in India could be the 'small car diesel' category. The mid-size sedan and small car petrol categories will also be negatively affected. On the flipside, luxury cars and high-end SUVs may end up being priced lower than what they currently are.

So, if you were planning a diesel hatchback or a sub-4m sedan, it's probably the right time to go ahead and make a purchase before GST rolls out. We've also heard that some dealers want to liquidate their existing stock quicker than usual to keep their balance sheets clean and not risk their input tax credit. If that's true and you're lucky, you may even get a good bargain.

For those who had set their eyes on a luxury car or a big SUV, just hang on for some more time to get more clarity on GST. Going by the anti-diesel sentiment, the government may find a reason to at least match the current prices of the SUVs and luxury cars. However, if that doesn't happen and prices drop, you may end up regretting an early purchase.

Also, worth noting is the fact that hybrids haven't been talked about as yet. While lower tax rates for electric cars are in place, hybrid cars like Maruti Ciaz SHVS, Toyota Prius and Camry hybrid that presently enjoy 12.5 per cent excise duty instead of 24 per cent or 27 per cent may end up getting more expensive. So, it's the best time to get home these fuel-efficient hybrid cars because they may not remain as lucrative a buy afterwards.

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